Information about Zhytomyr (Zhytomir), Ukraine
Zhytomyr (Zhytomir in Russian) is a regional city of Ukraine on the Teteriv River. The population of Zhytomyr is over 300,000.
The legend has that the town was founded by the counselor and favourite of the legendary Kyivan Princes Askol'd and Dir in 884 Zhytomyr. When Askol'd was killed, Zhytomyr did not want to serve Oleh and escaped to the Volyn' forests.
In one time a Slav tribe of Zhytyches lived here. In some Slav languages "myr" means a region. Hence Zhytomyr means the region where Zhytyches lived. In the 14th century Zhytomyr was under the rule of the feudal Lithuania. After the Union of Lublin of 1569 it became a Polish town. In 1793 the town was unrted with Russia.
The leading industries of Zhytomyr include machine engineering and metalworking.
The city is the cultural and educational center of the region. Zhytomyr boasts of the Teachers Training Institute and the Agricultural Institute. The Museum of the Regional Studies was founded in 1865. The museum includes the houses-museums of V.G. Korolenko(1853-1921and S.P. Koroliov 1907-1966).
The Ukrainian Musical and Drama Theatre established in 1944 boasts of the noted Ukrainian actor V. P. Tolok.
The architectural image of the city is represented by the Polish Roman Catholic Church 1744 , the magistrate 1789 and the Cathedral of 1866. The city boasts of the monuments to O.S. Pushkin 1899, Yaroslaw Dabrowski 1836-1871, V.G. Korolenko 1853-1921.