Information about Zaporizhya, Ukraine
Zaporizhya is a regional city and a river port on the Dnieper. The population of the city is over 900,000.
Zaporizhya came into being in 1770 when a fortress was build here during the Russo-Turkish war of 1768-74. The fortress was named Oleksandrivs'ka after the commander of the First Russian army Oleksandr Golitsyn 1718-83.
In 1906-1921 the city had the name of Oleksandrivs'k. In 1921 the city was renamed Zaporizhyabecause of its location beneath the Dnieper rapids.
Zaporizhya is one of the largest industrial centers of Ukraine. The ferrous and non-ferrous metal industries are leading industries of the city.
Zaporizhya is a cultural and educational center. The city boasts of its University and Institutions, numerous scientific establishments, three theatres the Philharmonic Society, two museums and the Historical and Cultural Khortytsia Reserve.
The monuments of architecture include the remains of fortifications on the Khortytsia island, the Dnipro Hydroelectric Power Station 1927-32, the Drama Theatre 1944-53. Zaporizhya is the capital of Zaporizhzhian Region established on January 10,1939.