Information about Uzhgorod, Ukraine
Uzhgorod is a regional city and the capital of Transcarpathian Region. Population of Uzhgorod is over 100,000.
It is one of the oldest towns of Kyivan Rus. In 8th c. a town came into being here around Zanchishche -the center of Principality of White Croatians. The original name of the town is unknown. In the 10th c. the town was captured by the nomadic Hungarian feudal lords and got the name of Ungvar from the Uzh River and "var" - a town. The Slav name of the town was Uzhgorod ( the Uzh River and Slav "horod" - a town).
The town was united with Ukraine in 1945 and became the capital of Transcarpathian Region in 1946.
The leading industries of Uzhgorod include machine engineering and metal-working. Uzhgorod is the cultural and educational center of Transcarpathian Region. The city boasts of Uzhgorod University founded in 1945. The University is the big scientific center.
The Transcarpathian Ukrainian Drama Theatre was founded in 1946. The Theatre boasts of the names of the noted Ukrainian actors Ya.Helias, I. Ignatovych 1898-1978, Mariia Kharchenko. The Transcarpathian Museum of Folk Architecture is one of the first museums of Ukraine in the open air. It was opened as a branch of the Transcarpathian Museum of Local Lore. Uzhgorod boasts of many historical monuments of architecture: Horianska Church-rotunda 13-15 cc., the castle of the 13 century, the cathedral built in 1646, the Polish Roman-Catholic Church 1762-67; the Nevits'kyi Palace 14 c.