Information about Sevastopol (Sevastopil), Ukraine
Sevastopol (Sevastopil in Ukrainian) was founded one year before Simferopol, in 1773. It
was chosen as a navy base for the Russian Black Sea Fleet because
there are many big and calm bays around the area. The city growed
quickly and always was military. It was closed twice during Soviet
time and people could get there with special permit only.
Sevastopol is city-hero. There were two terrible wars: Crimean
war in 1854-55 and WW2 and both times Sevastopol had heroic defences.
There are some places linced with Crimean war and most impressive
is Panorama - great picture about the war. There are also many of
monuments about WW2. Sevastopol was completely destroid during the
last war and all buildings in downtown were build in 1944-1954 years.
Sevastopol is one of the largest sea ports and a cultural-historical
center in the south of the Ukraine. It is situated in the southwestern
part of the Crimean peninsula, on the same parallel with Milan (Italy)
and Lyon (France). After the World War II the city was awarded the
title of a Hero City.
The population is 390,000 people. The official languages are Russian
and Ukrainian. The currency is the Ukrainian Grivna. Most of the
faithful are Orthodox.
In the territory of the city the laws of the Ukraine are practiced.
The city has the special status of a city under central subordination.
There are 4 theatres in the city, 11 Palaces of Culture, 10 museums,
4 stadiums, and 3 yacht clubs. There are 10 hotels for 1200 people,
20 restaurants with 800 seats.
In the territory of the city there are over 1800 historical monuments,
among them there are Russian, Ukrainian, British, French, Italian,
Jewish, Georgian, Armenian, Greek, German, and many others. These
monuments are world famous: Khersonesus of Tavria, The Panorama
of the Heroic Defense of Sevastopol in 1854 -1855, The Diorama of
the Storm of the Sapun Mountain on May 7th, 1944, The British Crimean
War Memorial, and others.
On average, about 500,000 tourists visit Sevastopol, including
12,000 -15,000 foreign tourists. By the decree of the Ukrainian
government since 1996 the city of Sevastopol is open to foreign
tourists, and foreign ships.
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