Information about Poltava, Ukraine
Poltava is a regional center, railway and AutoRoute junction. It is located on the Right Bank of the Vorskla River, 333 km from Kyiv.
The population of Poltava is about 350,000.
Poltava is one of the most illustrious of Ukrainian national culture. Its date of founding is unknown. An ancient dwelling from the Paleolithic era was uncovered in Bila Hora. Remains of the Scythians have been uncovered beneath the Sobornyi Maidan.
A settlement known as Ltava is mentioned in the Hypatian Chronicle. The current name of the city dates back to the 15h century. In the 16-17th cc. Poltava belonged to the Pereyaslav principality. In 1648 Poltava was captured by Ukrainian magnate Yarema Vyshnevetskyi (1612-51).
During the Liberation war of 1848 it was the base of the Poltava regiment (1648-1775). The first Cossack colonel of the regiment was M. Pushkar' (d.1658), a brave military leader who fell in action at Poltava.
In 1709 a tragic battle was fought near Poltava between the Cossacks of Ivan Mazepa and Sweden's King Charles XII against the Russian Czar Peter I. It was the General Battle of the Northern war(1700-21). The Russian army(42.000 men and 72 cannons)defeated the army of Charles XII (30.000 men and 32 cannons). The rests of the army surrounded at Perevolochna.
In 1802 the city became a provisional center.
During the Great Patriotic War an underground partisan group "Unsubdued Poltavite" was active in Poltava.
After the war the city was reconstructed and today Poltava is a new industrial and agricultural regional center.
Its textile and clothing industries include the largest cotton mill in Ukraine. There are also engineering works engaged in diesel-locomotive repair and machine building.
Poltava has teacher-training, medical, agricultural, and agricultural-engineering institutes. Several research establishments include the Institute of Pig-Breeding.
Poltava boasts of two theatres and Philharmonic Society, six museums, the Historical -Cultural Reserve "The Poltava Battle", the I. Kotliarevskyi Museum, the Panas Myrnyi Museum, the V. Korolenko Museum.
The monuments of architecture of Poltava include the Belfry of the Assumption Cathedral (1774-1801), the Round Square with the monument-column of Glory(1805-11). The towns of Poltava region.
Dykan'ka is a district town 29 km from Poltava. The settlement came into being in the 17th century. It has more than 6.000 inhabitants. The origin of the name comes from Dykan. M. Gogol mentioned the settlement in his story "The Evenings on the Farmstead near Dykan'ka".