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Information about Kirovograd, Ukraine

Kirovograd region is situated on the right bank of Dnieper between the rivers Dnieper and Southern Bug. At the centre of Ukraine where the boundless steppe replace the forest- steppe Kirovograd - the regional centre with the almost 300-thousand population is placed. Kirovograd is spread over the two hill-side near the river Ingul among the boundless steppes of Ukraine.

The ripe wheat, golden sunflowers, the green borders of the forest shelter-belts approach to the walls of the city and as if thay lost of contemplation of the wide streets and new buildings.

Just such young and modern Kirovograd - one of administrative, industrial and cultural cen- tres of the country still have in the memory. Kirovograd dweller knows and loves his city. Both the gray-haired veteran and schoolboy with admiration will tell you about the memo- rable pages of its history. They will tell like along these steppes among luxuriant motley grass Taras Bulba has led his sons to the Sech and like later here on the Upper Ingul the Cossac settlement was founded.

In 1752 according to the imperial decree "against the hostile attacks" of the Tatars and Turks the fortress of St.Elisabet was erected here just on the river bank between two its inflowes - Sigokleja and Gruzka.

Soon near the important strategic fortress which ramparts and now are almost perfectly survived the large village - future district centre of steppe land has arisen and in 1755 it was named Elisavetgrad.

The further history of the city is connected with the memorable events and names of the remarkable persons. Here the leader of the peasant liberating campaigns Emelian Pugachev had served, A.V.Suvurov and M.I.Kutuzov repeatedly came to Elisavetgrad to control the figt- ing trim of the troops, and just here during the Crimean war 1853-1856 N.I.Pirogov laied down the foundations of the military surgery.

Elisavetgrad was fated to become the cradle of the Ukrainian professional theatre. Its was founded by the the coryphaeuses of the Ukrainian theatre Mark Kropivnitski, brothers and sister from unforgettable family Tobilevich - Ivan Karpenko-Kary, Panas Saksaganski, Nicolai Sadovski, Maria Sadovski-Barilotti, and also the playwright Mikhail Ctaritski and talented actress Maria Zan'kovetska.

The first vital universities the poet Demian Bednyi and the author of the well-known novel "The Riders" Jurij Janovski. the playwright lvav Mikitenko have studied in the city. The local museum, the museum - reserve of the foundator of the Ukrainian national the- atre I.K.Karpenko-Karyi "Nadija" farm", the museum of the of the hero of civil war V.N.Bojenko, the memorial "The fortress of St.Elisabet", the literary-memorial museums of Demian Bednyi, Jurij Janovski, lvav Mikitenko are very popular among the townpeople and visitors of the city.

As well as also Onyfrievka stud-farm where everybody can see the rare breeds of the hors- es and go for a drive. There are many interesting places where you can to have a rest, to fish and hunt.

The interesting excursion-tourist routes on the Kirovograd region "From Ingul up to Dnieper", "The theatre Kirovograd land" and other are developed. The whole-year round the tourist center "Slavutich" in Svetlovodsk offers the family rest.

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