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Geography of Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It occupies an area of 603.7 sq. Ukraine extends from west to east 1300 km, and from borders of Belarus, Poland and Slovak Republic, in the south-west - in Hungary, Romania and Moldova. The total length of the state borders of Ukraine is 7698 km. The geographical point, usually referred to as the "geographical centre of " (equidistant from the west-it tip of Europe and the imaginary easternmost line separating Europe from Asia) is situated in Ukraine, not far from the town of Rakhiv, Zakarpatska Oblast. In the south Ukraine is washed by the waters of the Black Sea and a Sea of Azov.


Maps courtesy of www.theodora.com/maps used with permission

The capital of Ukraine is Kiev (Kyiv). Natural scenery of Ukraine is picturesque. Recreational landscapes occupy an area of 9.4 mln hectares (one hectare is about 2.5 acres). Forests cover about 14% of Ukraine's territory. The longest mountain range in Ukraine is the Carpathians stretching for 270 km; the highest mountain is the Hoveria (2061 m). The Crimean Mountains are situated in the southern part of Crimea, the southernmost extention of Ukraine (the highest mountain is 1545 m). Over 70,000 rivers flow through Ukraine. The major rivers are the Dnipro (third longest in Europe), the Dniester, Sourhern Buch, Siverski Donets, Prut, the mouth of the Danube is situated in Ukraine.

There are over 3000 natural lakes and about 22,000 artificial reservoirs in Ukraine, as well as many sources of mineral water and mededicinal mud which are used to treat many diseases. Ukraine has 5 National Parks, 15 National Preserves and a lot of smaller areas (dendrological parks, ancient urban and rural parks) protected by the state. Among the bohhest and most important parks and preserves one could name Askania-Nova (Khersonska Oblast); Shatskiy National Park (Volynska Oblast), Sofiyvka (Cherkaska Oblast);Trostianetsk Hydropark (Chernihivska Oblast). Many places of natural beauty can be found in the Carpathians, the Crimea and Polissia.

Ukraine's climate, is moderately continental; at the southern coast of Crimea it can be described as subtropical of the Mediterranean type. Summers are mostly warm dry and winters are usually mild and west. The average temperature in January is -7 Centigrade and in July +19 Centigrade. Ukraine population is 50,5 million, with about 80% of them being ethic Ukrainians. Among ethic minorities are Russians, Belarussians, Jews, Poles, Moldavians, Hungarians, Romanians, Bulgarians, Tartars, Germans and others. Administratively Ukraine is divid-ed into 24 Oblasts and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. There are 447 town and 28,800 villages in Ukraine. Kyiv, the biggest city in Ukraine, has a population of 2.6 mln; Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhya, Donetsk and Odesa all have a population of over one million.





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