Education in Ukraine
System of education in Ukraine
The system of education provides good quality and is well developed.
One of the most important tasks for central and local authorities
is to give equal possibilities in getting top quality education
for all citizens of Ukraine.
When independence was declared, education acquires a distinctly
national character and became more adapted to the new approved for
primary and secondary schools, while new private educational institutes
and schools were established.
In the area of education and upbringing are involved 7% of Ukrainian
professionals who teach 11 mln students (22% of the population).
There are 18400 institutions for pre-school preparation. According
to the Constitution secondary takes the central part in the system
and is free and quite accessible. 7 mln students attend 21900 schools.
Private sector in secondary education is insignificant. Totally,
there are 200 private schools (1% of all the amount of students).
Transition of secondary school from 10 (11) to 12 level system,
according to European standards, is taking place now. Moreover,
there is no difference in content of Ukrainian (post-soviet) secondary
education from standards of secondary school of other European countries.
You can take vocation in 1003 technical institutions (utchilische)
on the base of lower secondary education and upper secondary education.
In Ukrainian system of education College of Further Education
(tekhnikum) refers to the lower part of higher education.
Over one thousand occupational schools offer over 800 professional
specializations. Students may choose among 313 (220 state and 93
private) universities, academies, and institutes as well as 658
(589 state and 69 private) educational institutions with first or
second degree of accreditation. 500 educational institutions can
offer supplementary education and the improvement of qualifications.
Each year about 50 000 students, graduates, teachers, and professionals
go to upgrade their knowledge and professional skills abroad. In
return, studying in Ukraine becomes more attractive for foreigners
and especially for young people from the Ukrainian Diaspora. During
the years of independence, more than 60 international agreements
have been signed dealing with development of cooperation in the
field of education. In order to stimulate the application of general
European educational standards, cooperation has gained depth with
the Council of Europe, UNESCO, and other international organizations
that work under the TEMPUS program.
Higher education in Ukraine
Higher education in Ukraine has centuries-old history, national
traditions and high prestige in the world. Higher school in Ukraine
has got developed training, scientific and social infrastructure
and is ready to give an opportunity to every citizen of Ukraine
or citizen of any other country to obtain education of different
levels, to study at proficiency improvement or advanced courses,
to study at post-graduate courses or to write doctorate dissertation,
to take part in fundamental and applied researches.
Every year almost 200 thousand Ukrainians and citizens of other
countries become students of higher educational institutions in
The system of higher education in Ukraine has flexible structure,
corresponds to modern trends and tendencies to those in advanced
countries recognized by UNESCO, UN Organization and many other international
Since 1992 the whole system of Ukrainian post-secondary education
has been regarded as "Higher Education".
According to the "Law on Education" of Ukraine higher
education of Ukraine has several categories of higher educational
institutions, which correspond, as a rule, to four levels of accreditation:
Level I - Vocational Training Schools;
Level II - Technical Secondary Schools and Colleges;
Level III - Universities, Academies, Institutes.
The levels of accreditation represent the hierarchy of degrees according
to the qualification of graduates. There are: Junior Specialist,
Bachelor, Specialist and Master. The higher educational institutions
of III-IV levels of accreditation in Ukraine includes 185 state
ones: 65 classical, technical, medical, agrarian and other universities,
36 academies and more than 80 institutes. About 40% of school-leavers
have the opportunity to get higher education.
Higher educational institutions possess powerful scientific and
teaching potential. Scientific and teaching staff accounts about
80, 000 persons; among them - 4, 500 doctors of science, 33, 000
candidates of science, more than 5,000 professors and around 27,
000 assistant professors.
Graduates of higher educational institutions who have outstanding
inclinations for scientific-research work have an opportunity to
continue their studies at the post-graduate and doctorate course.
The vast network of post-graduate courses on different majors
satisfies the needs in highly qualified specialists for different
branches of industry, economics, science, culture and education.
Training is carried out for 20 branches of science and 366 majors
and it includes all the branches of training of the specialists
of high qualification. There are 16,000 post-graduate students and
around 1, 000 persons working for a doctor's degree. Training on
majors, which determine the reform processes in the country (economics,
law, social and political studies) is expanded now.
New Ukrainian educational laws, state policies give certain autonomy
to the higher educational institutions in their activities classical
academic liberties in the self-government.
Structure of the State Higher education in Ukraine
The structure of State higher education in Ukraine is:
UNIVERSITIES (classical, technical & technological, economic,
medical, agrarian, pedagogical, P.T. & sports, military, internal
ACADEMIES (law, technical & technological, economic, medical,
agrarian, culture & arts, military, internal affairs
INSTITUTES (technical & technological, economic, medical, agrarian,
pedagogical, law, culture & arts, P.T.& sports, military,
Terms of entrance and study of foreign at Ukraine's Higher education
According to the "Law on Education" of Ukraine all the
applicants who would like to enter higher educational institutions
have equal rights irrespective of the sex, race, nationality, social
and property status occupation, world outlook, religion and other
Education of the foreign students in Ukraine is carried out according
to the Law of Ukraine "On the Legal Status of Foreigners",
and resolutions of the Government of Ukraine on training of the
foreign citizens in Ukraine.
The academic year in the higher educational institutions in Ukraine
starts on the 1st of September and is divided into two semesters,
from September to the end of January and from February to the end
of June. A semester lasts 17-18 weeks, followed by a 3 weeks examination
Foreign citizens who would like to enter the higher educational
institution in Ukraine have to apply to Ukrainian International
Center "Osvita" of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine
or directly to the higher educational institution.
Entrance Procedure. You have to send the following to the
- an application form;
- the copy of the document about secondary education signed by a
- the copy of birth certificate signed by a notary;
- medical certificate that states you have no health problem and
- 8 documental photos.
If there are no problems with the documents, you will get an official
proposal, 2 copies of contract and the invoice for study course
and other payments. After that you have to send a letter of confirmation
of your coming to take a course, one copy of the contract, a copy
of the bank document that confirms your payment. The university
sends the official invitation to the applicant.
Medical insurance. The procedure of medical insurance of
international students is a usual practice in Ukraine. Medical insurance
can be paid together with study payment or at the airport in Ukraine.
There are other ways of payment as well.
Visa. As soon as you get the invitation you have to address
the Embassy of Ukraine in your country. There you can find out the
information about the list of documents needed to get a student
visa. To get through the passport control you have to show the passport
with visa, the copy of the official invitation, medical insurance
policy. On coming to the place of study, international students
have to be registered in the local authorities. As a rule, the international
department of the university does this procedure.
Applicants - citizens of Ukraine pass entrance examinations (usually
in July), which are organized by the higher educational institutions
and regulated by the Ministry of Education of Ukraine. The programs
of entrance examinations correspond to the programs of secondary
schools. The examinations at the state higher educational institutions
are open competitions and admission of the applicants for the places
available for "state study" without tuition fee is carried
out according to the results of the competitions.
Educational institutions either state or private have the right
to admit the applicants for fee-paying education according to the
results of the interviews or examinations after preparatory departments.
International students start their studying with foundation year.
It includes a course of Ukrainian (Russian) language and some of
the comprehensive subjects according to the future profession.
Further education is continuing together with Ukrainian students.
Foreign as well as Ukrainian students have the opportunity to
use all available leisure, welfare and sports facilities of the
Tuition, residence and other facilities fees are fixed by corresponding
agreement. As compared with the Western countries education and
residence fees in Ukraine are not so high and quite acceptable for
all strata of population.
Most of the states Universities provide free medical service in
student's hospitals. Student can also go to state and private hospitals,
where medical service is to be paid. Service of the ambulance is
- Educational Portal
- Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University
- National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnical
- National State University of Culture and Arts
- National University "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy"