Donetsk is the administrative centre of the Donetsk region. It
was founded in 1689 by English technician-metallurgist J.J.Hughes
who built the smithy that became the first production line of future
metallurgical plant. Donetsk was known as Hughsofka till 1924 and
Stalino till 1961. It was given the status of city in 1917 and became
the capital of the Donetsk region in 1932. Donetsk is a major industrial,
scientific and cultural centre with a population of 1132700 today.
There are 3 theatres, a Philharmonic Hall, a planetarium, 29 museums
and 500 libraries in the city. Donetsk has become one of the most
beautiful Ukrainian cities.