Culture and Art in Ukraine
Ukraine has a literature dating back to Kyivan Rus’ time. The most famous ancient manuscripts found are Slovo o polku Ihorevom, first collection of laws (the Ruska Pravda) and many others.
Most famous Ukrainian writers are Hryhory Skovoroda, Ivan Kotliarevsky's, Taras Shevchenko's, Ivan Franko, Lesia Ukrainka, Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, IvanNechui-Levytsky, Pavlo Hrabovsky, Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Pavlo Tychyna, Ostap Vyshnia, Volodymyr Sosiura, Vasyi Stus, Oles Honchar, and Lina Kostenko
Folk music in Ukraine reflects traditions of the Kyivan Rus. There were mainy ritual songs. Historical songs and kobza-playing appeared as typical Ukrainian folk genres in the sixteenth century.
The first Ukrainian opera, Zaporozhets za Dunayem by Semen Hulak-Artemovsky was written in 1863. Ukrainian classical music was dominated by Mykola Lysenko (1842-1912) and in the twentieth its traditions were further augmented by Levko Revutsky, Borys Liatoshynsky, Stanislav Liudkevich, Volodymyr Barvinsky, Kost Dankevych, and Hryhory Maiboroda.
Kyivan Rus adopted Christianity in 998, and it became the dominant religion in Ukraine. Now there are three major religious branches: the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate, 70%), Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kyiv Patriarchate, 20%), and Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (9.8%).