Information about Crimea, Ukraine
Crimea is an area of Ukraine and a peninsula on the Black Sea. People have lived here from ancient times, even when they had to live in a cave. It is why Crimea has a very rich history and many historical, archeological and cultural sites.
Ancient Greeks founded their northern colony "Cherssoness" about 2500 years ago, several cave-towns appeared in VI Century, Genoa's people built several fortresses in XV century...
In XIII century Tatar people came to Crimea and spread all over the peninsula. In XVIII century Crimea was joined to Russia so many Russian people moved here. In 1954 Crimea became part of Ukraine, what it is till now. But due to it's long and rich history, there are over 100 different nationalities living in Crimea now. The climate is very gentle and warm. Crimea has several climatic zones which are pretty different from each other. If you're coming to Crimea from the North, first what you'll see will be the huge fields, flat with no end. The flat part extends to Simferopol, and then you will enter into the most beautiful and attractive part - the mountain part.
Crimean mountains are not so high as Caucasus and go along the seashore. Highest point is Roman Kosh mountain which is 1545 metres above sea level. The narrow strip of land between sea and the mountains is called the South Shore of Crimea, and this area is most popular recreation place. Center of the South Shore is with no doubt Yalta. Beautiful nature, great landscape, warm subtropical climate made Yalta "the capital" of rest of many hundreds of thousands people.
On South-West of Crimea in 1783 year was founded a city which is well-know as hero-city, Sevastopol. It was founded as a navy base and it is why Sevastopol was and is mostly a military city. It was a place of biggest battles during Crimean War (1854-55) and also Second World War. People paid attention to Sevastopol's area as a perfect military base from a long time ago. Genoa Fortress "Chembalo", and the most secret Soviet submarine base were built in Balaklava, near Sevastopol. Eastern Crimea is full of "grey history" from ancient times.
Kerch, Feodosia, Stari Krim are cities that are several thousands of years old. Crimea is very popular place for hikers, too. There are many nice rivers, rocks, canyons, caves and forests in Crimea.
Most famous and attractive mountain Ay-Perty is excellent ski-area from December till March.
Population: 2,5 million (68% Russians, 23% Ukrainians, 6% Crimean Tatars, 3% Byelorussian, Armenian, Greek, German and Karaim).
Area: 10‚530 sq ml (27‚000 sq km).
Languages: Russian, Ukrainian and Tatar. Russian is the official language used by the Government.