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Information about Cherkasy, Ukraine

Cherkasy is a regional and district city situated on the Right Bank of the Dnieper in the area of the Kremenchug reservoir. The population of Cherkasy is over 300,000.

The city came into being in the 1280's. The Lithuanian Prince Vitovt (1392-1430) built here a fortification. The town got the name of Cherkesy -"Black Caps". In 1282 Prince of Kursk invited people from Northern Caucasus Beshtau. Later they settled near the Dnieper and built the Cherkasy fortification. Even now one of the outskirts of the town is called Beshta and another Kazbet. The Cossacks who settled there were called the Cherkasy after 1654 they were called "Small Russia Cossacks". The Cherkasy Regiment was dislocated in the town in 1648-1686.

After the Union of Lublin of 1569 the town came under the Polish rule. In 1793 the town as a part of the Right-Bank Ukraine was reunited with Russia.

In 1954 the town became the capital of Cherkasy region. The industries of the city include food, chemical and light branches.

The city boasts of two theatres, the Philharmonic Society, the Cherkasy Ukrainian Folk Choir and the Local lore museum with the branches of Ivan Le 1895-1978 and I.S. Nechui-Levyts'kyi memorial museums.

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